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Google Scholar Organic Results API

Google Scholar main results are called organic results. Some results are simple and straightforward. Others include rich data like citations, resources, and other special snippets. SerpApi is able to scrape, extract, and make sense of both simple and more complex organic results.

Organic results page


When SerpApi encounters organic results, we add them to our JSON output as the array organic_results.


For each organic result, we are able to extract its position, title, link, publication_info, snippet, resources, cited_by, versions, cached_page_link, related_pages_link and more.

Google page structure:

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Google Structured Organic Results
SerpApi JSON structure:
{
  ...
  "organic_results": [
    {
      "position": 1,
      "title": "Population biology of plants.",
      "link": "https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/19782321379",
      "snippet": "The first chapter is concerned with experiments, analogies and models. There are sections on dispersal, dormancy and recruitment of seedling populations, effects of neighbours, effects of predators and natural dynamics of plant populations, and plants, vegetation and evolution. There …",
      "publication_info": {
        "summary": "JL Harper - Population biology of plants., 1977 - cabdirect.org"
      },
      "inline_links": {
        "cited_by": {
          "total": 14003,
          "link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cites=9943926152122871332&as_sdt=5,38&sciodt=0,38&hl=en",
          "serpapi_scholar_link": "http://localhost:3000/search.json?cites=9943926152122871332&engine=google_scholar&q=biology&token=666ddd14fa1c108f"
        },
        "related_pages_link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=related:JC4Acibs_4kJ:scholar.google.com/&scioq=biology&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38",
        "versions": {
          "total": 6,
          "link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=9943926152122871332&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38",
          "serpapi_scholar_link": "http://localhost:3000/search.json?cluster=9943926152122871332&engine=google_scholar&q=biology&token=d5acbbc8e920c078"
        },
        "cached_page_link": "https://scholar.google.comhttps://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar?q=cache:JC4Acibs_4kJ:scholar.google.com/+biology&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38"
      }
    },
    {
      "position": 2,
      "title": "Molecular cell biology",
      "link": "https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=K3JbjG1JiUMC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=biology&ots=arHdVTEq5F&sig=XpJrdZciq9Vy8ss_K4kJe7AnKk4",
      "snippet": "With its acclaimed author team, cutting-edge content, emphasis on medical relevance, and coverage based on landmark experiments, Molecular Cell Biology has justly earned an impeccable reputation as an authoritative and exciting text. The new Sixth Edition features …",
      "publication_info": {
        "summary": "H Lodish, A Berk, CA Kaiser, M Krieger, MP Scott… - 2008 - books.google.com"
      },
      "resources": [
        {
          "title": "nsysu.edu.tw",
          "file_format": "PDF",
          "link": "http://www2.nsysu.edu.tw/wzhlab/ch6.pdf"
        }
      ],
      "inline_links": {
        "cited_by": {
          "total": 9196,
          "link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cites=10197973451558557156&as_sdt=5,38&sciodt=0,38&hl=en",
          "serpapi_scholar_link": "http://localhost:3000/search.json?cites=10197973451558557156&engine=google_scholar&q=biology&token=b2ec4ae90ae8d15d"
        },
        "related_pages_link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=related:5BUDsdJ6ho0J:scholar.google.com/&scioq=biology&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38",
        "versions": {
          "total": 18,
          "link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=10197973451558557156&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38",
          "serpapi_scholar_link": "http://localhost:3000/search.json?cluster=10197973451558557156&engine=google_scholar&q=biology&token=41368d6d0e9e762d"
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "position": 3,
      "title": "Brock biology of microorganisms",
      "link": "https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Michael_Madigan/publication/48363170_Brock_Biology_of_Micro-Organisms/links/5573057208aeb6d8c017dcd8.pdf",
      "snippet": "Purple bacteria are anoxygenic phototrophs that grow phototrophically, obtaining carbon from CO2+ H2S (purple sulfur bacteria) or organic compounds (purple nonsulfur bacteria). Purple nonsulfur bacteria are physiologically diverse and most can grow as …",
      "publication_info": {
        "summary": "MT Madigan, JM Martinko, J Parker - 1997 - researchgate.net"
      },
      "resources": [
        {
          "title": "researchgate.net",
          "file_format": "PDF",
          "link": "https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Michael_Madigan/publication/48363170_Brock_Biology_of_Micro-Organisms/links/5573057208aeb6d8c017dcd8.pdf"
        }
      ],
      "inline_links": {
        "cited_by": {
          "total": 9710,
          "link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cites=8836506793765667433&as_sdt=5,38&sciodt=0,38&hl=en",
          "serpapi_scholar_link": "http://localhost:3000/search.json?cites=8836506793765667433&engine=google_scholar&q=biology&token=a6eb64ce22fa25d9"
        },
        "related_pages_link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=related:aYK6cRyUoXoJ:scholar.google.com/&scioq=biology&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38",
        "versions": {
          "total": 19,
          "link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=8836506793765667433&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38",
          "serpapi_scholar_link": "http://localhost:3000/search.json?cluster=8836506793765667433&engine=google_scholar&q=biology&token=b6787ed63233eb23"
        },
        "cached_page_link": "https://scholar.google.comhttps://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar?q=cache:aYK6cRyUoXoJ:scholar.google.com/+biology&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38"
      }
    },
  ...
}

Inline Sitelinks Example


Google page structure:

Zoom In

Google Structured Organic Results
SerpApi JSON structure:
...
  }, 
  "inline_links": {
    "cited_by": {
      "total": 14003,
      "link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cites=9943926152122871332&as_sdt=5,38&sciodt=0,38&hl=en",
      "serpapi_scholar_link": "http://localhost:3000/search.json?cites=9943926152122871332&engine=google_scholar&q=biology&token=666ddd14fa1c108f"
    },
    "related_pages_link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=related:JC4Acibs_4kJ:scholar.google.com/&scioq=biology&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38",
    "versions": {
      "total": 6,
      "link": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=9943926152122871332&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38",
      "serpapi_scholar_link": "http://localhost:3000/search.json?cluster=9943926152122871332&engine=google_scholar&q=biology&token=d5acbbc8e920c078"
    },
    "cached_page_link": "https://scholar.google.comhttps://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar?q=cache:JC4Acibs_4kJ:scholar.google.com/+biology&hl=en&as_sdt=0,38"
  },
...

Extract Authors Link Example


If available, we will also extract the authors link from publication info.

Google page structure:

Zoom In

Google Structured Organic Results
SerpApi JSON structure:
...
  }, 
  "publication_info": {
    "summary": "PJ DiMaggio, WW Powell - American sociological review, 1983 - JSTOR",
    "authors": [
      {
        "name": "PJ DiMaggio",
        "link": "https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=0A5Gnc0AAAAJ&hl=en&oi=sra"
      },
      {
        "name": "WW Powell",
        "link": "https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=T7Q62kgAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=sra"
      }
    ]
  },
...

Resources Example


Google page structure:

Zoom In

Google Structured Organic Results
SerpApi JSON structure:
...
  }, 
  "resources": [
    {
      "title": "researchgate.net",
      "file_format": "PDF",
      "link": "https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Michael_Madigan/publication/48363170_Brock_Biology_of_Micro-Organisms/links/5573057208aeb6d8c017dcd8.pdf"
    }
  ],
...