Google Scholar Cite API

Our Google Scholar Cite API allows you to scrape cite results from the Google Scholar organic results. The API is accessed through the following endpoint: /search?engine=google_scholar_cite. A user may query the following: https://serpapi.com/search?engine=google_scholar_cite utilizing a GET request. Head to the playground for a live and interactive demo.

API Parameters

Search Query

q

Required

Parameter defines the ID of an individual Google Scholar organic search result. You can find the ID inside the result_id by using our Google Scholar API.

Serpapi Parameters

engine

Required

Set parameter to google_scholar_cite to use the Google Scholar API engine.

no_cache

Optional

Parameter will force SerpApi to fetch the Google Scholar Cite results even if a cached version is already present. A cache is served only if the query and all parameters are exactly the same. Cache expires after 1h. Cached searches are free, and are not counted towards your searches per month. It can be set to false (default) to allow results from the cache, or true to disallow results from the cache. no_cache and async parameters should not be used together.

async

Optional

Parameter defines the way you want to submit your search to SerpApi. It can be set to false (default) to open an HTTP connection and keep it open until you got your search results, or true to just submit your search to SerpApi and retrieve them later. In this case, you'll need to use our Searches Archive API to retrieve your results. async and no_cache parameters should not be used together.

api_key

Optional

Parameter defines the SerpApi private key to use.

output

Optional

Parameter defines the final output you want. It can be set to json (default) to get a structured JSON of the results, or html to get the raw html retrieved.

API Results

JSON Results

JSON output includes structured data for scholar cite results.

A search status is accessible through search_metadata.status. It flows this way: Queued -> Processing -> Success || Error. If a search has failed, error will contain an error message. search_metadata.id is the search ID inside SerpApi.

HTML Results

HTML output is useful to debug JSON results or support features not supported yet by SerpApi.
HTML output gives you the raw HTML results from Google.

Cite Results

Example with q:"FDc6HiktlqEJ"

To acquire the ID for this search, first make a GET request to our Google Scholar API and either grab the result_id or the serpapi_cite_link, which are both located inside the Organic Results. Second, make a GET request to our Google Scholar Cite API with the acquired ID or link.
When SerpApi encounters cite results, we add them to our JSON output as the citations and links array. For each citations result, we are able to extract its title and snippet, and for each links result, we are able to extract its name and link.


JSON Example

{
  "search_metadata": {
    "id": "5e25a190de983403e0d5a715",
    "status": "Success",
    "json_endpoint": "https://serpapi.com/searches/a3ddee7ee69d596b/5e25a190de983403e0d5a715.json",
    "created_at": "2020-01-20 12:48:16 UTC",
    "processed_at": "2020-01-20 12:48:16 UTC",
    "google_scholar_cite_url": "https://scholar.google.com/scholar?q=info:FDc6HiktlqEJ:scholar.google.com&output=cite",
    "raw_html_file": "https://serpapi.com/searches/a3ddee7ee69d596b/5e25a190de983403e0d5a715.html",
    "total_time_taken": 2.01
  },
  "search_parameters": {
    "engine": "google_scholar_cite",
    "q": "FDc6HiktlqEJ"
  },
  "citations": [
    {
      "title": "MLA",
      "snippet": "Schwertmann, U. T. R. M., and Reginald M. Taylor. "Iron oxides." Minerals in soil environments 1 (1989): 379-438."
    },
    {
      "title": "APA",
      "snippet": "Schwertmann, U. T. R. M., & Taylor, R. M. (1989). Iron oxides. Minerals in soil environments, 1, 379-438."
    },
    {
      "title": "Chicago",
      "snippet": "Schwertmann, U. T. R. M., and Reginald M. Taylor. "Iron oxides." Minerals in soil environments 1 (1989): 379-438."
    },
    {
      "title": "Harvard",
      "snippet": "Schwertmann, U.T.R.M. and Taylor, R.M., 1989. Iron oxides. Minerals in soil environments, 1, pp.379-438."
    },
    {
      "title": "Vancouver",
      "snippet": "Schwertmann UT, Taylor RM. Iron oxides. Minerals in soil environments. 1989 Jan 1;1:379-438."
    }
  ],
  "links": [
    {
      "name": "BibTeX",
      "link": "https://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar.bib?q=info:FDc6HiktlqEJ:scholar.google.com/&output=citation&scisdr=CgVOz4gzGAA:AAGBfm0AAAAAXiWj7N0T-8OoEq7DeWW5vzR8b6lXpqzj&scisig=AAGBfm0AAAAAXiWj7FExZsLvg197uNhb8iyE5L8VI_K5&scisf=4&ct=citation&cd=-1&hl=en"
    },
    {
      "name": "EndNote",
      "link": "https://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar.enw?q=info:FDc6HiktlqEJ:scholar.google.com/&output=citation&scisdr=CgVOz4gzGAA:AAGBfm0AAAAAXiWj7N0T-8OoEq7DeWW5vzR8b6lXpqzj&scisig=AAGBfm0AAAAAXiWj7FExZsLvg197uNhb8iyE5L8VI_K5&scisf=3&ct=citation&cd=-1&hl=en"
    },
    {
      "name": "RefMan",
      "link": "https://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar.ris?q=info:FDc6HiktlqEJ:scholar.google.com/&output=citation&scisdr=CgVOz4gzGAA:AAGBfm0AAAAAXiWj7N0T-8OoEq7DeWW5vzR8b6lXpqzj&scisig=AAGBfm0AAAAAXiWj7FExZsLvg197uNhb8iyE5L8VI_K5&scisf=2&ct=citation&cd=-1&hl=en"
    },
    {
      "name": "RefWorks",
      "link": "https://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar.rfw?q=info:FDc6HiktlqEJ:scholar.google.com/&output=citation&scisdr=CgVOz4gzGAA:AAGBfm0AAAAAXiWj7N0T-8OoEq7DeWW5vzR8b6lXpqzj&scisig=AAGBfm0AAAAAXiWj7FExZsLvg197uNhb8iyE5L8VI_K5&scisf=1&ct=citation&cd=-1&hl=en"
    }
  ]
}